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Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny is escorted upon his arrival for a hearing in Moscow after being detained at a protest against corruption and demanding the resignation of Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.(Reuters)

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Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny appeared in court on Monday, a day after being detained at a major opposition rally against government corruption that he led the previous day.

The Kremlin, meanwhile, has lashed out at protest organizers, blaming them for putting lives at risk by inviting people to unsanctioned demonstrations.

Tens of thousands of protesters took to the streets across Russia on Sunday in the biggest show of defiance since 2011-2012 anti-government protests.

The Kremlin has dismissed the opposition as Westernized urban elite disconnected from the issues faced by the poor in Russia’s far-flung regions, but Sunday’s protests included demonstrations in the areas which typically produce a high vote for President Vladimir Putin, from Siberia’s Chita to Dagestan’s Makhachkala.

Russian police say that about 500 people were arrested, while human rights groups say 1,000 were taken into custody. On Monday, the European Union has called on Russian authorities to release the demonstrators.

President Vladimir Putin’s spokesman chided protest organizers, saying they incited illegal acts.

“The Kremlin respects people’s civic stance and their right to voice their position,” Dmitry Peskov told reporters. “We can’t express the same respect to those who consciously misled people and who consciously did it yesterday and provoked illegal actions.”

Peskov defended police who were seen manhandling protesters, some of whom were underage, calling their response “highly professional and lawful.”

Asked about the Kremlin’s reaction to the wide geography of the protests, something that has not been seen at least since 2011, Peskov said “the Kremlin is quite sober about the scale of yesterday’s protests, and are not inclined to diminish them or push them out of proportion.”

Putin “constantly talks to people” and is well-briefed on the sentiment in the country, Peskov insisted.

He also claimed that underage protesters in Moscow were promised cash if they were arrested. Pressed on the source of these claims, Peskov quoted “facts.”

The protests were led by Navalny, a charismatic opposition leader who has recently announced his bid for presidency. Navalny was grabbed by police while walking to the rally from a nearby subway station. He posted a selfie on Twitter from the courtroom on Monday morning, saying: “A time will come when we’ll put them on trial too - and that time it will be fair.” If found guilty, he could be jailed for 15 days for staging an unauthorized rally.

The 40-year old Navalny, arguably Russia’s most popular opposition leader, has been twice convicted on fraud and embezzlement charges that he has dismissed as politically motivated. Navalny is currently serving a suspended sentence, and Sunday’s arrest could be used as a pretext to convert it into jail time.

Separately, police arrested Navalny’s associates who were at their office, setting up and monitoring a webcast of the rally. Thirteen of them spent the night at a police station while authorities raided their office, reportedly removing all equipment. It wasn’t immediately clear what charges they may be facing. Over the years, Navalny, a trained lawyer, evolved from a lone blogger to someone who leads a group of like-minded activists, the Anti-Corruption Foundation, whose full-time job is to investigate official corruption.

Whether Navalny and his associates will be slapped with new charges could indicate which approach the Kremlin will take in dealing with a new wave of discontent: crack down on it even further or exercise restraint.

Russian state television completely ignored the protests in their broadcasts on Sunday, and authorities didn’t comment on it in any way.

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